The dental models or typodonts are the first approach dental students take while they are doing their college preclinical internship and capture the theoretical knowledge of anatomy, pathologies and treatments of physical form without the need of a real patient.
Used for years, they are the best tool for learning and practice, providing extra value beyond memorizing a few notes or anatomy atlas. The phantom is used next to the model, a Mannequin to imitate the patient in clinical position on the dental chair.
Inside the oral cavity of the phantom the typodont is inserted with two screws, and allows to imitate the movements and inclination so that the student is practicing the posture, rotations and proper handling on the patient.
In that case there exists a multitude of variations models in function with each pathology, procedure to practice and subject of the dental career.
Traditionally, the most well known and commonly used brands are, Nissin and the models from Kavo, are high quality but high price.
At Dentaltix we have more affordable alternatives fully compatible with the previous brands and most universities and with the replacement teeth according to each type, so one can practice till he doesn't need it anymore.
Here we review some of the most common typodonts in universities and their function:
They are the most used models in any university in the world, they imitate the ideal occlusion of an adult patient in stable and complete dentition.
The Thermostable Typodont has 28 teeth while the Typodont with permanent denture has 32 teeth (all 4 wisdom teeth or third molars). Other models that faccilitate the study of occlusions are typodont with ideal occlusion by Ortho Technology.
They are habitual in the first practices of the race for taking impressions with alginate, in the restorative subject for the realization of cavities and composite fillings to accompany the student in the last years of career for more complex procedures such as prosthesis and the realization of carvings thanks to their interchangeable teeth with a fine screw in the base.
Pediatric Dentistry typodont
The subject of pediatric dentistry includes the study of infant teeth, pathologies and associated malformations.
This models have been developed as the type Nissin or Mixed tooth model perfect to understand dental growth and development, they present a mixed dentition with total of 24 teeth divided into 20 primary teeth (milk) and the four permanent molars (16, 26, 36 and 46), the first definitive tooth to exit.
There are models for studies of mixed dentition such as the Hager Werken typodont, they present a ruptured front tooth with root disease, thanks to its transparency, you will be able to see the temporary teeth already erupted.
The typodont for the periodontal study, serve as a demonstration of the different diseases of the gum and periodontium. Designed in imitation of the gingivitis and periodontitis patalogías: with recessions, loss of alveolar bone, periodontal pockets and incrustrated stones.
Dentistry students can practice the Gingival depth measurement using the CP12 probe millimetered or perform curettage practices and prophylaxis without iatrogenia in a real patient.
For practicing the studentes can use the Bader typodont for periodontics, it has anatomically rooted teeth with calculus, facilitating the study of periodontal disease, it simulates periodontitis in an advanced stage, severe periodontal disease and subgingival calculus. It also has elastic and removable gingiva and bolt-on teeth.
Dental surgery procedures require the highest accuracy and safety for clinical performance, an essential reason that marks the importance of these models in university practices.
The most used original model is the one developed by Kavo®, in Dentaltix we have the clone model at a great price and like the original, it imitates the real anatomy with a soft gum for practicing the dissection with a scalpel and its subsequent suture, a spongy bone with high density foam for practicing osteotomy or extractions with luxador and forceps as if it were the patient's.
Including implantology practices thanks to the anatomical arrangement of the model with missing teeth in each quadrant, with the possibility of repeating the procedures several times and in different situations both in the anterior and posterior sectors.
In the next video, we show you the Bader typodont for surgery which demonstrates the practice's you can do with it and make the most of it.
We hope this article has been helpful and instructive. If you have questions about typodons, instruments or any type of material, write to us at email@example.com, you can also visit our Students dentistry kits offers section.
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