Endodontics , also known as root canal treatment, is the procedure used to remove - in part or in full - the pulp of the tooth and seal the pulpal canal. The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth and consists of a soft tissue that contains the nerves and blood vessels. The part of the canal that is inside the crown is called the pulp cavity, while the one corresponding to the root is called the reticular canal and is the one that connects with the maxillary bone.
The most frequent cause of infection and consequent inflammation and necrosis of the pulp, and therefore the need to perform endodontics , is the existence of cavities, although there are other factors that can lead to a pulpitis or lesion of the pulp:
The abrasion, erosion and wear of the teeth by the friction between them.
The way some restorative treatments are performed and the materials used in them.
For the accomplishment of a endodoncia it is necessary to anesthetize the zone in which it is going to act. Afterwards a hole is made in the crown of the tooth in order to access the pulp and remove it and proceed to clean the duct before sealing and sealing it and the crown with specific materials. At the end of the procedure, the tooth will be completely numbed and isolated from any other part of the organism. Follow-up will be necessary to verify the effectiveness and evolution of endodontics .