Sterilization is the process of removing microorganisms and spores that may be present in an object to prevent infection. Dental instruments that come into contact with blood and non-intact mucous membranes (forceps, prickles, forceps, forceps, scissors, elevators, files, files ...) must always be used sterile, and the simplest way to sterilize instruments in a dental clinic is to use a Autoclave Class B.
Types of Autoclaves:
There exists various types of autoclaves which are ranked according to the type of instruments that can be used. The most common types are as follows:
Class N autoclaves
These are the simplest autoclaves. They remove only a portion of the air by gravity, so that the steam generated pushes the air outward. For this reason, they are not recommended for objects with holes or cannulas, and are only indicated for flat instruments such as scalpels. They do not admit sterilization of bagged instruments and are not recommended for a dental clinic.
Class S autoclaves
This class remove the air inside the chamber using a wall of steam which is denser than air. During the sterilization cycle, they perform this process three times, thus ensuring the extraction of all indoor air. They can sterilize porous bagged products but not textile items and are therefore not recommended for use in dental clinics.
Class B autoclaves
These autoclaves remove the air inside the chamber through the use of a vacuum pump, creating a negative pressure that forces steam entry. They can sterilize porous instruments with blind holes (turbines, against angles) and textile loads, so they are the autoclaves indicated for a dental clinic according to European standard 13060.
Factors to Consider Before Choosing a Class B Autoclave
As we have seen, for our dental clinic, we will need a Class B autoclave that allows us to sterilize instruments such as turbines or bagged contra-angles. However, when choosing one or the other model, we must take into account the following points:
- Capacity of the autoclave: Class B autoclaves are manufactured with different capacities, ranging from 8 liters to 24 liters. The more capacity the autoclave has, the more instruments we can sterilize in each cycle, but the more energy it spends in each sterilization cycle. The price of the autoclave will also be proportional to its capacity. Therefore, we must adjust the autoclave's capacity to our needs, as it makes no sense to purchase an autoclave of much greater capacity than we really need. This will save us money on the purchase and daily use. In addition, it is often more convenient to have two autoclaves smaller than a larger, because in this way we can perform two simultaneous sterilization cycles.
- Duration of the sterilization cycle: It is always practical to look at how long it takes for each autoclave to perform a complete sterilization cycle. There are quick-cycle autoclaves, which saves time in autoclaving processes, although the price is usually a bit higher.
- Warranty and Technical Service: Another important point to consider when choosing a dental autoclave is warranty and technical service. The vast majority of autoclaves have a warranty of one to two years, and if the autoclave brand does not have its own technical service, the most appropriate thing will be to look for a trustworthy multibrand technical service that can repair it. if one day we need it. Another benefit of having two autoclaves in the dental clinic will be that we will always have an autoclave available if we have to repair one of the two
- Autoclave Price: The price of the autoclave will normally be closely related to its reliability and characteristics. European or American brands usually offer high quality autoclaves, while Chinese or Korean brands offer economical autoclaves of a quality that may be sufficient for a small dental clinic. The main disadvantage of these "cheap autoclaves" is that the technical service and after-sales service will surely be less advantageous and more complicated
- Accessories: Class B autoclaves can incorporate accessories that will be very useful in some cases. For example, there are autoclaves with printers, which will facilitate the traceability of sterilized products.
Final Considerations Before Buying Your Autoclave:
- Before buying an autoclave, you must take into account that for a dental clinic, you need a class B autoclave.
- If you have a small and medium-sized clinic, you can choose an economical autoclave of average capacity. It is always better to have two medium size autoclaves than a large one. We recommend you take a look at this model: Autoclave class B 18 litres - The Premium
- If you have a large clinic in which you are going to use the autoclave very intensively, you should go for a high-end autoclave which will provide you with superior reliability and technical service. In this case, at Dentaltix we recommend this autoclave: Autoclave B Futura
You can consult our selection of the best autoclaves for dental offices.Surely you will find the autoclave that best suits your clinic's needs and budget. And do not forget, if you have any doubts or suggestions, we are at your disposal